RUSA, you may have heard this term before. There are many things or doughts and heard of in education system. The term RUSA, full form, or it’s a scheme; How it works? what is it all? What is it? There are often questions asked during exams and viva. All you will get to know in this in-depth post.
Let’s get started;
What is RUSA?
The full form of RUSA is Rashtriya Uchchattar Shiksha Abhiyan. It is a Centrally Sponsered Scheme (CSS), launched in 2013 and aims at providing strategic funding to eligible states for higher educational institutions for reforming the state higher education system.
The plan of the Department of Higher Education MHRD. It is spread across two plan periods as the cabinet approves to continue. The programme focuses on state higher educational institutions and draws upon the best practices from colleges and universities across the nation. Above all, it improves the quality of the technical learning process to produce employable and competitive graduates, post-graduates and PhDs.
RUSA also stands for Real Unique Shiksha Approach, which is not a governmental body.
The funding ratio of the RUSA scheme?
This scheme provides funding from central and state governments in specific ratios for the improvement of higher education. The ratio is 60:40 for general category states, 90:10 for special category states, i.e. centre and state, respectively and 100% funding for eight union territories in India. Special categories are mostly hilly areas, northeastern states. For instance, Assam is one of them.
Process or stages of funding?
The funding would flow from the central ministry through the state government/ union territories to the State Higher Education Councils before reaching the identified institutions.
The state’s funding is based on a critical appraisal of State Higher Education Plans, which would describe each state’s strategy to address equity, access, and excellence in higher education. Moreover, its a performance-based funding.
Objective Of RUSA
- Improve the overall quality of existing higher education institutes by adjusting to prescribed norms and standards and adopting accreditation as a mandatory quality assurance framework.
- Upgrade the high potential of existing colleges into Universities or Model Degree Colleges and establish new universities.
- To identify and fill critical infrastructural gaps in higher education.
- Ensure adequate availability of quality faculty in all higher educational institutions and promote capacity building at all employment levels.
- Create an enabling atmosphere to facilitate research & innovation in the State /higher Education institutions.
- Improve equity in higher education by providing adequate higher education opportunities to backward classes like SC/ ST; promote inclusion of women, minorities, and differently-abled persons.
- To improve the status of the Gross Enrolment Ratio.
- Correct the regional imbalance in terms of access to higher education by setting up institutions in un-served and underserved areas of the country.
- The key objective of RUSA is to improve access, equity and quality in higher education at the state level.
Lets head towards the features of Rashtriya Uchchattar Shiksha Abhiyan;
Features of RUSA
- Upgradation of existing autonomous colleges into universities.
- Conversion of colleges to Cluster Universities.
- Infrastructure grants to universities.
- New Model Colleges(general)
- Upgradation of existing degree colleges to model colleges.
- New colleges for Professional education.
- Infrastructural grants to colleges.
- Research, innovation and quality improvement.
- Equity initiatives for backword, minorities.
- Faculty recruitment support
- Faculty improvements or training from level to level
- Vocationalisation of higher education
- Leadership development of educational administrators
- Institutional restructuring & reforms
- Capacity building & preparation, data collection & planning
Targets Of RUSA
- RUSA seeks to increase the Gross Enrolment Ratio of the country to 30% by 2020.
- It also seeks to increase the spending on higher education by the state governments.
- In its 2nd phase, the scheme aims to create 70 new model degree colleges and eight new professional colleges; Enhancing quality and excellence in 10 selected state universities and 70 autonomous colleges, providing infrastructural support to 50 universities and 750 colleges etc.
- To identify and fill up the existing gaps in higher education by augmenting and supporting the state governments’ efforts.
- Promote a spirit of healthy competition amongst states and institutions to excel in quality higher education, research and innovation.
Rashtriya Uchchattar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA) aims to attain a higher level of access, equity, and excellence in the State Higher Education System with greater efficiency, transparency, accountability, and responsiveness.
The launch of RUSA was in 2013. It had its own portal (rusa.assam.gov.in) and mobile app visible since 17 April 2017.